Imagine you have just completed, after 6-months of team time, your PHA and LOPA for your largest and most profitable unit. A much deserved congratulatory pat on the back is warranted. After a very brief respite and celebration, the real work begins in order to cost effectively remove risk from the unit. Your study has identified 10’s to 100’s of hazardous scenarios that do not meet your corporate risk criteria. Some of these include recommendations by the study team. However, depending on your organization, not every scenario that fails to meet the corporate risk criteria has to have a recommendation. Let’s call all of these scenarios that fail to meet your corporate risk criteria your “inherited gaps”.